The department of physics was founded in 1930, at the same time with the institute's base.


In 1962, an optical specification for the preparation of laser technology engineers has been developed by outstanding Russian scientist – academic V. A. Fabricant, one of the quantum electronics creators (who suggested in 1951 the principle of electromagnetic wave amplification due to stimulated emission of radiation) on the department. In 2003, a new speciality "Quantum and optical electronics" has been opened.

"Quantum and optical electronics" – lasers of various types, elements of laser technology, photo detectors, fiber-optic devices and links, holographic systems, computer engineering methods of resonators, computer methods of laser system calculation, laser measurement systems (anemometer, interferometer, refractometer, gyroscope), optical information processing systems, digital processing of optical images, shadow and interference patterns.

Research areas

  • Laser gradient refractography.
  • Microflows laser diagnostics: application in power engineering and thermal physics.
  • Computer image processing in optical flow diagnostics methods.
  • Development of new generation thermo - and photovoltaic receivers.
  • Research in the field of automated software and hardware signal processing systems creation.

Recent projects

  •  Investigation of Rayleigh scattering on combustion products molecules in the visible and ultraviolet spectral regions.
  • Development of multicolored particle image velocimetry method.
  • Investigation of the atmospheric turbulence influence on the optical diagnostic methods operation.
  • Development of background oriented schlieren method to provide vortex structures visualization in industrial aerodynamic tube.
  • Development of highly sensitive optoelectronic sensors based on the surface plasmon resonance phenomena.
  • .Condensed media diagnostics by laser refractography methods.
  • Contactless measurement of optically inhomogeneous condensed media parameters from the position of laser radiation caustics.
  • Laser diagnostics of solutions crystallization and phase transitions in the boundary liquid layers.
  • Development of vortex laser diagnostics complex based on particle image velocimetry.
  • Optical electronic complex for 3D displacements and surfaces deformations measurements, taking into account the atmospheric phenomena influence in the field experiments.
  • Experimental testing of samples of laser meter for rapid-change deformations and a multi-angle pyrometer.
  • Advanced In-Flight Measurement Techniques 2 (Modern measurement technologies for flight tests 2).
  • Development of two-phase fluid flows diagnostics optoelectronic complex.
  • Physical processes diagnostics in liquid by laser refractography.
  •  Velocity and temperature fields’ investigation into micro-scales by optical methods.



The lecture department halls are equipped by the latest multimedia equipment. It allows holding classes in interactive mode: projection equipment, interactive whiteboards and touch screens, laptop at each workplace.

Students of the department pass practice and perform diploma in academic and industry institutes (GPI RAS, PI RAS, JSC "NPK"SPP" and etc.). They have access to the scientific and technical library, which has more than 2 million units of literature, and to electronic scientific journals of Russian and foreign publishers.

After four years of study, students are awarded the bachelor academic degree of engineering and technology in the field of "electronics and nanoelectronics". Further, it is possible to continue study in magistracy (for 2 years) with the assignment of the master academic degree in the direction of "electronics and nanoelectronics", then in postgraduate school. Studying of 8-10 postgraduate students is regularly carried out in the department. Undergraduate and postgraduate students regularly undergo internships abroad.

Graduates of the department are fully prepared for research, development, quantum electronics systems operation of various purposes in many fields of science, engineering and technology. They are always in demand in universities, commercial firms (Fiber optical technology, Laser Show, TechNir, IQ Camera and etc.) defense complex plants and research organizations (JSC "NPK"SPP",NRI "Polyus", NCLSC "Astrophysics", CIAM, GPI RAS,PI RAS and etc.). For each graduate of the department ­ a few applications from enterprises ready to hire them.

Unique equipment

There are fully equipped laboratories in the general course of physics (per 2 per each studied section: mechanics and molecular physics; electricity; optics). Each of the laboratories allows carrying out laboratory works at the same time for a group of 25 to 30 students. In 2012-2013, 46 new modern laboratory complexes with automated registration and processing of the obtained results were purchased.


All specialty courses have their own laboratory complexes.

Лазерная рефрактографическая система 

Визуализация газовых вихрей 

The department has a large number of different equipment for scientific research: optical benches, sets of lenses and light filters, signal generators, digital scientific video cameras (from 7 to 10 000 frames per second), various types of photo detectors and much more. In recent years, has been purchased: complex for flow velocity fields and surface deformations contactless diagnostics FlowMaster Stereo PIV  with an extension for 3D-DIC  method (manufactured by  LaVision) and an aerodynamic measurement unit.




Educational programs


11.03.04 «Electronics and nanoelectronics», profile «Quantum electronics».

11.03.04 «Electronics and nanoelectronics», profile «Laser and optical measurement electronics».


11.04.04 «Electronics and nanoelectronics», program «Quantum electronics».

11.04.04 «Electronics and nanoelectronics», program «Laser and optical measurement electronics».


05.11.07 Optical and optic electronic devices and complexes.

17.01.2020 15:20